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Sleep in Pullman_Comfort and Safety
   
The most comprehensive book on Southern Pacific Pullman sleepers will soon be available. See info @ Southern Pacific Historical and Technical Society

THE REBUILDS

  During the late 1920's Pullman constructed many cars with private rooms instead of the conventional section and they had proved to be very popular. In the 1930's a major upgrade program began to rebuild many of the early steel cars built from 1910 to 1920 into cars with private rooms. The bulk of the cars were three types: 10-1-2, 12-1-1 and 12-1. By removing the drawingrooms, compartments or one or more sections, different configurations were developed:
  • 12 Section - 2 Double Bedrooms
  • 10 Section - 3 Double Bedrooms
  • 8 Section - 5 Double Bedrooms
  • 8 Section - 4 Double Bedrooms
  • 8 Section - 1 Compartment - 3 Double Bedrooms
  • 6 Section - 6 Double Bedrooms

THE 8-5's

  124 cars were rebuilt to the 8 Section - 5 Double bedroom configuration. 1934 - 1936 and 1940. The first 21 were named in the Garden series, the last 103 in the Clover series.
   The 12-1-1 and 10-1-2 cars had four sections, the rest room, vestibule and all rooms removed from the same end. The rest room was moved into the vestibule and five double bedrooms (A,B,C,D,& E) were constructed at that end.
    12 -1 cars like Bernadotte were built with larger rest rooms instead of the extra room. During the rebuild, the drawing room, its bathroom and two sections were removed and replaced with two double bedrooms (Rooms D & E). At the opposite end the vestibule and two sections were removed. The mens rest room was moved into the former vestibule area and three double bedrooms (Rooms A,B & C) constructed.

Home > Richmond shops > Car Records >Clover Colony

Southern Pacific - Clover Colony

Clover Colony restored at Tennesse Valley Railroad Museum

  Clover Colony has been restored and operates today at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum.

  Clover Colony was rebuilt to plan 4036H from 12 section - 1 Drawing room Bernadotte and released from Pullmans' Calumet shops August 16, 1940.

  Bernadotte was one of 100 12-1 cars built to plan 2410F in Lot 4574, and one of 300 12-1's added to the Pullman pool in 1920.

Bernadotte Built: 9/2/20 Plan: 2410F Lot#: 4574 Rebuilt: 8/16/40

  Bernadotte was shopped exclusively at the Richmond shops up to the date of it's rebuild to Clover Colony in 1940. Cars were generally shopped in the zones they were operated in, so it might be safe to say Bernadotte spent most if not all of its' career operating on western trains.

SHOP Shop Sequence CLASS REPAIR DATE IN DATE OUT RECORD
Richmond 1 M 3/8/22 3/22/22 55847
Richmond 2 M 2/23/23 3/8/23 59478
Richmond 3 M 8/13/24 8/22/24 67100
Richmond 4 SAV 12/8/24 12/23/24 68832
Richmond 5 M 1/14/26 1/27/26 74068
Richmond 6 M 3/31/27 4/14/27 80128
Richmond 7 M 10/5/28 10/19/28 87021
Richmond 8 M 6/19/30 7/3/30 94448
Richmond 9 M 3/25/32 3/25/32 1993
Richmond 10 LM 5/14/32 5/24/32 2646
Richmond 11 LMSB 4/11/34 4/26/34 9322
Richmond 12 S 4/30/36 4/30/36 17033
Richmond 13 M 9/10/36 9/25/36 17490
Richmond 14 M 12/6/38 12/23/38 24261
Calumet 15 GR 6/5/40 8/16/40 28534

  The great depression idled many of the pool cars, but Pullman had been through depression before and used the time to upgrade many of the early steel cars. Air conditioning systems had been developed in the late 1920s' and thousands of Pullman sleepers had A/C applied in the mid thirties.Bernadotte received the Pullman Mechanical Brine system at Richmond in September of 1936.

  Bernadotte entered Pullmans Calumet shops in June of 1940. During the rebuild, the drawing room, its bathroom and two sections were removed and replaced with two double bedrooms (Rooms D & E). At the opposite end the vestibule and two sections were removed. The mens rest room was moved into the former vestibule area and three double bedrooms (Rooms A,B & C) constructed. The car in this new floorplan of eight sections and five double bedrooms was released from Calumet in August with a new name, Clover Colony.

When rebuilt the vestibule and two sections were removed. The mens rest room was moved into the former vestibule area and three double bedrooms were constucted at this end.

When rebuilt the vestibule and two sections were removed. The mens rest room was moved into the former vestibule area and three double bedrooms were constructed at this end.

Clover Colony Rebuilt: 8/16/40 Plan: 4036H Withdrawn: 9/1/61
SHOP Shop Sequence CLASS REPAIR DATE IN DATE OUT RECORD
St. Louis 16 M 11/13/42 12/3/42 34422
Richmond 17 M 11/26/46 11/27/46 43551
St. Louis 18 MSB 12/16/49 1/6/50 49375
St. Louis 19 M 3/3/52 3/17/52 53531
Richmond 20 M 5/14/54 5/28/54 57245
Wilmington 21 MSB 8/9/57 9/27/57 60820
   

  The Pullman monopoly came under fire in 1940 from the Santa Fe Railway, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad and the Budd Company when an Anti-Trust suit was filed.. The court decision in 1945 was for Pullman to sell off either its' manufacturing division or the operating division. By 1947 57 railroads combined to purchase the stock of the operating division of the Pullman Company. As part of the purchase, the ownership of the fleet of car was divided up between the railroads according to how much stock teach owned. Southern Pacific received 173 heavyweight cars. 16 were Clover series cars including the Clover Colony.

  Southern Pacific used Clover series cars on the Sunset Limited and Cascade until those trains were fully re-equipped with streamline cars in 1950. They would still be used on secondary trains like the West Coast, Owl, Starlight, Imperial and Cherokee until these trains were equipped with hand me down lightweight cars or the trains were discontinued. The rebuilt cars continued on in Pullman pool service on second sections of holiday trains, convention specials and tour service.

  The brine tank in the A/C system was bypassed in 1950 and removed in 1952. Southern Pacific replaced Pullman on the letterboard, with Pullman in 2 1/2" lettering at the ends. In 1957 Clover Colony was painted two tone gray at the Wilmington shops and the name exchanged for number 8351. (Numbers instead of names was a Southern Pacific practice.) In September 1961 the car was withdrawn from service and sold for scrap.

Clover Colony painted PRR tuscan is charter service

  The story does not end there. Clover Colony was purchased by a private party in 1964 and put into charter service. In 1968 it was purchased by Ross Rowland and used during many of his steam train trips. It served a short time of B&O ownership then back to Rowland before being sold to new owners in 1972. Clover Colony accumulated more charter miles, and eventually was upgraded with roller bearing wheel sets and "E" couplers to operate on Amtrak. It was also painted PRR tuscan at one time.Clover Colony also accumulated soot on its' roof from the famous 4449. Sold to new owners 1986 Clover Colony added many more miles to its' travel totals, including 4,000 in Mexico.

The heavy cars are noted for their open sections. Clover Colony had some removed to have modern double bedrooms built in their place.

  This 70 year story has a dramatic twist. On August 23, 1992 Hurricane Andrew dropped the roof of the Gold Coast Museum onto Clover Colony resulting in severe structural damage. The remains were donated to the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum out of Chattanooga in 1993 and repairs were made to be able to run on the museums railroad. Southern Rail Charters of Birmingham, Alabama regularly charters the "Clover Colony" for steam-drawn private car excursions in conjunction with the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum . The car operates with the museum's "Eden Isle," ex-B&O Business Car #98, on all-day excursions into north Georgia over the former Central of Georgia's Cedartown branch. To view current itineraries visit their website at www.southernrailcharters.com.


  The heavy cars are noted for their open sections. Clover Colony had some removed to have modern double bedrooms built in their place. .

If you have any questions, comments, information or pictures to add, send them to:

info@pullmanshops.com


     

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